Design History

Architects

Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959) one of his most famous designs was that of the Guggenheim Museum in New York City. It took 16 years despite the controversy at the time it now seen as one of the finest buildings in the city. He is widely regarded as the greatest architect of the 20th century. He developed a distinct American style of architecture that emphasised simplicity and natural beauty in contrast to the elaborate and ornate architecture that was prevalent in Europe.

Charles & Ray Eames – husband and wife duo who made significant contributions to modern architecture and furniture; although they also worked in industrial and graphic design.

David Chipperfield (modernist architect)

Norman Foster (1935-) - famous for high-tech architecture and one of the most prolific of his generation. In 1994 he received the AIA Gold Medal and in 1999, the Pritzker Architecture Prize and in 2009 awarded Prince of Asturias Award. He is famous for designing the Gherkin (30 St Mary Avenue) in London as well as the new Wembley stadium.

Sir Christopher Wren (1632-1723) – world famous for the rebuilding of St Paul’s cathedral (1675-1711) which spans his full architectural career, following the Great Fire of London in 1666. One of the most acclaimed English architects of all time. He was also responsible for other notable buildings such as the Royal Naval College in Greenwich and the Wren building of the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia; which is the oldest academic building in continuous use in the US. He was appointed the King’s Surveyor of Works in 1669 and knighted in 1673. He was also a founder of the Royal Society and was its president between 1660 and 1682. In 1696 he was given the position of Surveyor of Greenwich Naval Hospital and in 1698 he was appointed Surveyor of Westminster Abbey.

Kengo Kuma (1954-) Japanese architect stated goal to recover tradition of Japanese buildings and to reinterpret these traditions for the 21st century.

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969)- seem as one of the pioneers of modern architecture. He called his buildings “skin and bones” architecture. German Pavilion in 1929

Jorn Utzov (1918-2008) - Danish architect famous for the iconic Sydney Opera House which was declared a world heritage site on 28th June 2007 becoming only 2nd person to receive such recognition of his work in his lifetime.

Sir Charles Barry (1795-1860) – English architect best known for his role in rebuilding the Palace of Westminster (aka Houses of Parliament destroyed in 1834 by fire). Major contribution to Italianate architecture and the use of Palazzo in the design of country houses, city mansions and public buildings. Also involved in development of Italian Renaissance garden style which was seen around most country houses. He was knighted by Queen Victoria in 1852.

John Nash ()– An American architect

Philip Webb (1831-1915) – major contribution to Arts and Crafts. He founded Society for Protection of Ancient Buildings in 1877.

George Gilbert Scott (+ son and grandson) a family of Victorian architects

Augustus Pugin

Zaha Hadid

Filippo Brunelleschi – was an architect