Design History

Industrial

Industrial design is the process of design given to products which are manufactured through techniques of mass production e.g. mobile phones.

The beginnings of industrial design are linked to increasing industralisation and mechanisation that started with the Industrial Revolution in mid 18th century in UK.

A key characteristic is that the design is separated from manufacture: the creative art of defining a products form and feature occur prior to the physical making of the product.

The role of an industrial designer is to create and execute design solutions for problems of form, function, usability, marketing, sustainability, sales, brand development and physical ergonomics.

The term was first used c.1919 and attributed to Joseph Claude Sinel although he denied it and the discipline predates this by about 10 years. There is overlap with product design – fields of information design, interaction design and user interface (UI) design.

A key person associated with this is Dieter Rams and his 10 principles of good design these are:

  1. Good design is innovative
  2. makes a product useful
  3. is aesthetic
  4. makes a product understandable
  5. is unobtrusive
  6. is honest
  7. is long-lasting
  8. is thorough down to the last detail
  9. is environmentally friendly
  10. is as little design as possible